MAST. The forklift mast is the raised vertical support that allows loads to be raised and lowered.
What are the parts of a forklift called?
Forklift Parts and Functions Terminology
- Cab: The cab is the central part of the forklift. …
- Carriage: The carriage mounts the forks to the mast and serves as a support structure for the forklift.
- Mast: …
- Load Backrest: …
- Forks: …
- Overhead Guard: …
- Tires: …
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
Why do forklifts tilt?
Simply put, the tilt cylinder controls the amount by which the forklift may tilt beyond the vertical position, forward, or backward. Drive Wheels: The drive wheels are typically the wheels located in the front. These are responsible for moving the machine. … This helps keep the machine stable while lifting and traveling.
What can make a forklift tip over?
4 Reasons Why a Forklift Can Tip Over Forwards or Backwards
- Carrying Loads Heavier Than Recommended Load Ratings.
- Carrying a load with the mast tilting forward.
- Accelerating or braking too quickly.
- Lifting or lowering a load on a slope.
- Turning too abruptly.
- Turning with a load that’s been raised too high.
What is another name for a forklift?
A forklift (also called lift truck, jitney, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.
What are the 3 levers on a forklift?
A forklift’s directional controls help move the lift forward and backward. There are three forklift directional controls: park, drive, and reverse. Directional controls can be mounted to a lift’s steering column. Or, they may be placed in a position where an operator controls them with their foot.
What is the most important safety device on a forklift?
5 most important safety devices on a forklift
- Brakes. Brakes are the absolute most important safety feature on any motorized vehicle. …
- Seatbelts. …
- Overhead guards. …
- Lights. …
How is a forklift different from a car?
Cars and trucks use their front wheels to steer. But a forklift uses its rear wheels, which allows it to turn in a very tight circle. But it means that the back end can swing out when turning. When turning a forklift, watch behind you to make sure the rear end of the lift doesn’t run into anything – or anyone.
What is the length of trucks on a forklift?
The safe traveling distance between forklifts is approximately three truck lengths, or about a time-lapse of three seconds when passing the same point. More specifically, it’s about 20 feet between forklifts.
How high should your forks be when driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy.
Can you leave keys in a forklift?
Never leave an operating forklift unattended.
In fact, leaving keys in an unattended forklift (or, thus, leaving on the ignition of this vehicle) is illegal, and has dire consequences as a safety hazard, even without the actual occurrence of an accident.
When should forward tilt be used?
Forward tilt is meant to assist the operator in withdrawing the forks from a load after the load has been stacked. Suppose that, when trying to withdraw the forks, the front wheels of the truck hit an obstacle then forward tilt can be used as no-load is then on the forks and there is no stability problem.
Is it difficult to tip over a forklift?
In every type of forklift, the rule is similar and simple – the equipment’s center of gravity should be inside the wheelbase. The center of gravity should stay in that position, it should not move forward or too far to any direction, otherwise, risk of tip over can happen.
What happens when a forklift is overloaded on the tip of the fork?
Deadly Danger # 1—Forklift Turnovers
Forklifts can easily tip if they are overloaded, if the load is not well balanced, or if they travel with the forks too high. How it can happen: A forklift operator was killed when his forklift overturned when he was turning while backing down an incline.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. It is much closer to the sides of the triangle compared with the unloaded location.