It consists of three sections that extend the forks to their maximum lift height. In the middle of the mast is a hydraulic cylinder, referred to as the primary lift cylinder. This will raise the forks and carriage near the top of the mast prior to the sections staging up (known as ‘Free Lift’).
What is 3 stage mast in forklift?
3-Stage – A three stage mast, or triplex, is the most versatile forklift mast and also the most popular. The outer rails allow for free lift, and the two inner sections can lift loads higher than a two stage. This mast type is a good choice for general warehouse applications.
How does a forklift mast work?
As you may already know, a forklift uses hydraulic pressure to raise the mast up by raising the lift cylinders. This, in turn, raises the inner mast channels, but without the lift chains, your forks and carriage aren’t going anywhere. And if your forks aren’t being lifted, you aren’t going to be getting much work done.
What is a triplex mast?
A Triplex mast differs from the Duplex because it includes two sliding rails plus a single stationary rail: it is often found on a reach truck as it can extend a load further to reach greater distances. A large hydraulic ram in the center of the mast assembly performs most of the lifting of the forks and carriage.
What is Mast type in forklift?
The forklift’s mast, or upright, is the portion of the forklift that lifts, lowers, and positions the loads manipulated by the forks. Each type of mast presents its own set of advantages for different applications depending on their height and stacking requirements.
How high does a triple mast forklift go?
Three Stage Mast
This will raise the forks and carriage near the top of the mast prior to the sections staging up (known as ‘Free Lift’). Typical lift height for a triple stage mast for a forklift with base capacity from 2,000 lbs. to 6,000 lbs. will have 189″ of maximum lift and will be around 83-88″ OAHL.
What does the load backrest do?
Load backrests play an important role in keeping your drivers safe. They prevent your forklift’s load from falling toward the driver. It features a steel grid above the forks and attaches to the sides of the forklift carriage with heavy-duty, steel framing.
What is free lift on a forklift?
A forklift’s free lift is the maximum height you can raise the forks without changing the mast height. … It is important to understand forklift free lift, especially if you are stacking or unstacking in confined spaces such as trailers, containers, and racking systems.
How high can forklifts lift?
Most standard forklifts can reach heights between 10 and 15 ft, but special forklifts like the telehandler can lift as high as 55 ft depending on the telehandler size you select.
Can forklift be used for lifting?
The OSHA rule for forklifts at construction sites at 29 CFR 1926.602(c)says trucks with lifting carriages or forks for lifting personnel must use a safety platform firmly secured to the lifting carriage or forks. … Rough terrain forklifts shall not be used to lift personnel unless there is no other practical option.
What does FSV mast mean?
Free Lift. Free Lift is a forklift’s ability to raise a load to the top of the first stage. … Free lift effectively adds a stage level of height to a forklift’s ability to lift and uses a hydraulic cylinder at the center of the mast.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
What is the counterweight on a forklift made of?
Forklift counterweights are made of either full cast iron, full concrete or a combined mix of metal and concrete. CARRIAGE.
Are forklift masts interchangeable?
Flash forward to today, and no one really exchanges masts between forklifts any longer. It can be done but it rarely is done. Dealers have large inventories, models of forklifts have some design differences that eliminate even the option of swapping forklift masts, and labor costs are high to swap the masts.
How much does a forklift mast weigh?
Typical forklift weight ranges are between 4000 to 9000 lbs or 1800 to 4100 kg. Most forklifts used in a warehouse and distribution center weighs 3500 to 5000 lbs or 1500 kg to 2300 kg. Heaviest forklift is Kalmar DCG720-10LB forklift which weighs 204,600 lbs or 93500 kg.
How heavy is a forklift?
The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs.