How does a forklift mast work?

As you may already know, a forklift uses hydraulic pressure to raise the mast up by raising the lift cylinders. This, in turn, raises the inner mast channels, but without the lift chains, your forks and carriage aren’t going anywhere. And if your forks aren’t being lifted, you aren’t going to be getting much work done.

How does a forklift chain work?

Forks that are meant to carry the load are attached to the main body of the forklift by a pair of roller chain pulleys whose fulcrum forms a gear at the top of the mast. Hence, when the hydraulic pistons push the masts in upward direction, the gears on the masts is pressed against the roller chains.

How does a 3 stage forklift mast work?

Three Stage Mast

It consists of three sections that extend the forks to their maximum lift height. In the middle of the mast is a hydraulic cylinder, referred to as the primary lift cylinder. This will raise the forks and carriage near the top of the mast prior to the sections staging up (known as ‘Free Lift’).

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What is the purpose of a mast on a forklift?

The forklift’s mast, or upright, is the portion of the forklift that lifts, lowers, and positions the loads manipulated by the forks. Each type of mast presents its own set of advantages for different applications depending on their height and stacking requirements.

What is a 3 stage mast?

3-Stage – A three stage mast, or triplex, is the most versatile forklift mast and also the most popular. The outer rails allow for free lift, and the two inner sections can lift loads higher than a two stage. This mast type is a good choice for general warehouse applications.

What are the three major parts of a forklift?

The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.

How high does a 3 stage forklift go?

Most Container masted forklifts are also 3 stage masts. They achieve lift heights of up to 4.7 meters in a standard forklift and up to 5.0 meters in a compact and some electric counterbalance units.

How high does a standard forklift go?

Most standard forklifts can reach heights between 10 and 15 ft, but special forklifts like the telehandler can lift as high as 55 ft depending on the telehandler size you select.

What is free lift on a forklift?

A forklift’s free lift is the maximum height you can raise the forks without changing the mast height. … It is important to understand forklift free lift, especially if you are stacking or unstacking in confined spaces such as trailers, containers, and racking systems.

Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?

Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.

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How much does a forklift mast weigh?

Typical forklift weight ranges are between 4000 to 9000 lbs or 1800 to 4100 kg. Most forklifts used in a warehouse and distribution center weighs 3500 to 5000 lbs or 1500 kg to 2300 kg. Heaviest forklift is Kalmar DCG720-10LB forklift which weighs 204,600 lbs or 93500 kg.

How high does a quad mast forklift go?

A fourth type, the quad mast or 4-stage, offers lift heights up to 22 feet. These are less common and only used in specialized warehouse applications. Single-Stage Mast – Typically used in applications where overhead clearance is not a concern, such as outdoor environments.

What does FSV mast mean?

Free Lift. Free Lift is a forklift’s ability to raise a load to the top of the first stage. … Free lift effectively adds a stage level of height to a forklift’s ability to lift and uses a hydraulic cylinder at the center of the mast.

What is a container mast forklift?

Container Mast forklift simply means that a forklift can enter a 20′ or 40′ container and unload the pallets or freight inside. It can be LPG, diesel or electric with a capacity of up to 7.0 tonne. … A true container mast has full free lift and 3 stages in the mast.

When traveling load load should I lift?

allow 2 to 3 inches of clearance at the sides and back of the load; move the load slowly into position; tilt the load forward, then lower it; level the forks so they are no longer tilted; and.

Special equipment and operation