The load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the capacity and the stability of the forklift. … Capacity may be reduced with irregularly shaped loads, unbalanced weight distribution, or if the load is not centered on the forks.
What will reduce the stability of a moving forklift?
4 causes of forklift tip-overs & how to massively reduce the risk
- Handling of suspended or live loads. …
- Turning with an elevated load. …
- Traversing a slope or uneven ground. …
- Insecure loads or overloading. …
- 01246 555222.
What are the three points of a forklift that make up the stability triangle?
There’s the weight of the load itself and the counterbalance weight located in the engine. This weight is distributed on three points—the front two wheels and the pivot point on the back axel—forming an imaginary “triangle.” This is the stability triangle of the forklift.
What affects truck stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. … To the extent that the load differs from this theoretical load — such as if it is irregularly shaped, has unbalanced weight distribution, or is not centered on the forks — the capacity may be reduced.
Why is a forklift less stable with a raised load?
Operators need to understand that the higher you raise the load, the closer the CG comes to the edge of the pyramid and the forklift loses stability. Making a turn or braking sharply with a raised load is a dangerous and expensive way to learn about the stability pyramid.
What is forklift stability triangle?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
Why do Forklifts tip so easily?
Here are examples situations that can cause a forklift to tip over: The center of gravity is on the side of the stability triangle. This might be caused by turning a corner, having an unbalanced load, driving into a pothole, or traveling on a sloping surface. … The forklift quickly accelerating in reverse, or.
What is the number one cause of forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
What is a forklift hazard?
Forklift hazards often occur when there is a change of balance for the vehicle. Lifting materials up high can cause the machine to overturn or for its load to fall. … If your warehouse forklift has to lift workers at any time, ensure that the correct attachments are used to reduce the risk of a fall or other injuries.
What to do if forklift tips over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put:
- Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
- Lean away from the falling direction of the lift.
- Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
What is the stability triangle?
What is the stability triangle? Most counterbalanced forklifts have a three-point suspension system, meaning that the truck is supported at the two front wheels and the center of the steer axle. … When the lift truck’s center of gravity falls within the perimeter of this triangle, a load is safe to carry.
What should you not do when a load is elevated?
Never raise a load or turn on an uneven surface. In such cases, your center of gravity will quickly move outside of the stability triangle. While traveling empty on a ramp, your forks should always point downhill.
Where is the point of balance on a forklift?
Every forklift maintains its balance while carrying a load by using a cantilever system positioned on a fulcrum, which is the machine’s front wheel axle. The fulcrum, or pivot point, is the dividing line between the machine’s weight and the load’s weight.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Can a Forklift Tip-Over Without a Load? A forklift can become unstable, even if it does not have a load. For example, if a driver turns too fast around a sharp curve, their lift can tip. Or, if a driver is traveling on an unbalanced surface, their lift can tip if it shifts too far in one direction.
How can a forklift be overturned?
How can a forklift be overturned? In a forklift overturn, the lift takes a turn that’s too sharp, or traveling too fast, and overturns. A tipover typically occurs when the maximum load capacity is exceeded, resulting in a tipover.