The second lever controls the tilt of the forks, allowing for better weight distribution, keeping objects from falling off while driving and helping items slide off when unloading. You tilt the forks forward by pushing the lever forward, and you tilt the forks back by pulling the lever back.
What are the 3 levers on a forklift?
A forklift’s directional controls help move the lift forward and backward. There are three forklift directional controls: park, drive, and reverse. Directional controls can be mounted to a lift’s steering column. Or, they may be placed in a position where an operator controls them with their foot.
What are the controls on a forklift?
Hydraulic Lift Knobs – Forklift has three basic controls knobs. One that lifts the forks up or down, the second one tilts the forks/blades down or up to secure the load, and the third to move the load side to side. Some types of forklifts have a knob that controls the width of the fork.
Why are there 3 pedals on a forklift?
To begin with, every forklift comes equipped with an accelerator and a brake pedal. That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. Its function is twofold. It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.
How does the hydraulic system in a forklift work?
How Does the Forklift Hydraulic System Work? The hydraulic system uses a series of cylinders, pistons and fluids to efficiently lift and lower forklift loads. The hydraulic pistons are attached to the forklift’s masts.
What levers do what on a forklift?
Most forklifts have two levers to control the forks. The first lever controls the height of the forks. You pull back on the lever to make the forks go up, and you push forward to make the forks go down.
What is the inching pedal on a forklift?
The purpose of the inching pedal is to disengage the transmission without having to shift the gear lever into neutral every time a lift is performed. This pedal allows you to bring the forklift to a stop or to slow it down.
What is the most important safety device on a forklift?
5 most important safety devices on a forklift
- Brakes. Brakes are the absolute most important safety feature on any motorized vehicle. …
- Seatbelts. …
- Overhead guards. …
- Lights. …
What do you call the forks on a forklift?
FORKS. Also known as the tynes, the forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom.
Is driving a forklift difficult?
Working a job like this might seem easy, but the work can be very repetitive. Driving a forklift isn’t all cake, roses, and gas pedals. It’s going to be hard work. Not everything can be lifted with a forklift, so you may have to carry heavy objects and stoop, kneel, crouch, or crawl in awkward positions.
What is the maximum safe speed for a forklift?
The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in areas where pedestrians are present.
What is the number one cause of forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
What is a clutch brake on a forklift?
One is a brake pedal and the other is a clutch brake. You push the clutch brake while lifting a load to increase the rpm of the hydraulic pump by pressing on the fuel pedal and lifting at the same time. This disengages drive gear and you raise rpm to speed up the lifting speed.
What is the hydraulic pressure in a forklift?
A tandem-mounted gear pump provides flow for steering, the mast assembly, and stabilizers. In the HST circuit, the variable-displacement pump delivers up to 46 cc/rev (2.8 in.3/rev) and has a maximum pressure rating of 350 bar (5000 psi).
What areas on a forklift can cause injuries?
NIOSH states that the three most common types of injuries occur when: A forklift overturns; workers are struck, crushed, or pinned by a forklift; and workers fall from a forklift. With proper education and guidance from employers, the following accidents could have been prevented.
What kind of hydraulic fluid does a forklift use?
► Q) What is the most recommended hydraulic oil by lift manufacturers? A) AW32 and AW46 because of their anti-wear, anti-foam and protection against rust & oxidation. AW32 is the most popular choice being a 10 weight oil, it works best for all climates.