What is a 3 stage forklift? 3-Stage – A three-stage mast, or triplex, is the most versatile forklift mast and also the most popular. The outer rails allow for free lift, and the two inner sections can lift loads higher than a two-stage.
How does a 3 stage forklift mast work?
Three Stage Mast
It consists of three sections that extend the forks to their maximum lift height. In the middle of the mast is a hydraulic cylinder, referred to as the primary lift cylinder. This will raise the forks and carriage near the top of the mast prior to the sections staging up (known as ‘Free Lift’).
What is a 2 stage forklift?
2-Stage – A two stage mast, also known as a duplex, has two sections. The outer stage does not move and gives the option for freelift. The inner mast section raises up to elevate the carriage and forks. A two stage mast offers great visibility and is ideal for moving loads in trailers.
How high does a 4 stage forklift go?
A fourth type, the quad mast or 4-stage, offers lift heights up to 22 feet. These are less common and only used in specialized warehouse applications. Single-Stage Mast – Typically used in applications where overhead clearance is not a concern, such as outdoor environments.
What are the different size forklifts?
Must Know Forklift Sizes
Standard forklifts generally measure between 4 to 7 ft wide and 8 to 10 ft long. Outdoor or rough terrain forklifts can be greater than 10 ft in length. Narrow aisle forklifts like walkie stackers and side loaders can measure less than 5 ft.
What is the purpose of a mast on a forklift?
The forklift’s mast, or upright, is the portion of the forklift that lifts, lowers, and positions the loads manipulated by the forks. Each type of mast presents its own set of advantages for different applications depending on their height and stacking requirements.
What does the load backrest do?
Load backrests play an important role in keeping your drivers safe. They prevent your forklift’s load from falling toward the driver. It features a steel grid above the forks and attaches to the sides of the forklift carriage with heavy-duty, steel framing.
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
What is the stability triangle of a forklift?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
What is the rated capacity of a forklift?
A forklift’s rated load capacity is the maximum weight in kilograms that a forklift can safely lift and transport at a specified load centre distance in millimetres. This rated load capacity is listed on the forklifts name plate or load capacity data plate.
How high is a 3 stage forklift?
Most Container masted forklifts are also 3 stage masts. They achieve lift heights of up to 4.7 meters in a standard forklift and up to 5.0 meters in a compact and some electric counterbalance units.
What is free lift on a forklift?
A forklift’s free lift is the maximum height you can raise the forks without changing the mast height. … It is important to understand forklift free lift, especially if you are stacking or unstacking in confined spaces such as trailers, containers, and racking systems.
When traveling load load should I lift?
allow 2 to 3 inches of clearance at the sides and back of the load; move the load slowly into position; tilt the load forward, then lower it; level the forks so they are no longer tilted; and.
What are the 7 classes of forklifts?
The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
- Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
- Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
- Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
- Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
- Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.
How dangerous are forklifts?
Most unfortunately, there are about 85 forklift accidents every year in which one or more people die. The most common way someone dies in an accident involving a forklift is when the vehicle tips over.
What are 3 types of forklift trucks?
What are the different Forklift types?
- Class I: Electric Motor Rider Forklifts.
- Class II: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Forklifts (Reach Trucks, Order Pickers)
- Class III: Electric Pallet Jacks, Stackers, and Tow Tractors.
- Class IV: Internal Combustion Cushion Tire Forklifts.