When going up a ramp, drive forward with the forks pointed upward. If a load is blocking a forklift driver’s view, use a spotter to guide the truck. When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope.
What direction should the lift be driven down a ramp when carrying a load?
Specific precautions are required when driving forklifts on ramps with grades over 10%. Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope).
When descending or ascending a ramp on a forklift while carrying a load which direction should the forks be pointed?
4. Driving Direction on Grades. New drivers are sometimes curious and ask, “Which direction should the load face when traveling up a ramp?” The answer is, you should always drive a loaded forklift with the forks pointed upgrade.
What direction must the load be in when going uphill?
Always drive straight forward when going uphill. So never drive uphill diagonally and never start turning on a slope. When loaded, the load must be in the highest position in relation to the slope (forwards uphill and backwards downhill).
When operating a forklift driver with the load on the uphill side?
Forklift Slope Driving Tips
Make sure the load always points uphill. When going down a slope, be careful about the load falling off. Always drive with a lift “forks first” down a hill or slope (this puts more weight on the braking wheels, so the driver has more traction)
What is the first thing you need to do before raising or lowering a load?
Check that the overhead clearance is adequate before raising loads. Do not raise or lower the fork unless the lift truck is stopped and braked. Lift loads straight up or tilt back slightly. Do not lift a load that extends above the load backrest unless no part of the load can possibly slide back toward the operator.
Should you jump off during a tipover?
Never jump off of a forklift. If the forklift is tipping over, do not attempt to jump off, because you could be pinned under the lift. If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
Which side must a load face when driving up or down an incline?
The right way up or down a slope When using a forklift on any ramp or sloped ground, the fork should always be driven straight up or down the slope. Steep slopes are best avoided. The load should always face uphill; if the forklift is travelling up the hill, the load faces uphill.
When traveling with a load on your forks you should?
Carrying the load
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
How should an operator go down an incline?
When going down an incline with a load, a forklift operator should:
- Travel in reverse.
- Keep their head and face pointed downgrade.
- Keep the forks pointed upgrade.
What safety steps should you take before transporting a load?
Examine Your Equipment Before Use
Do a proper routine check of the cargo you’re transporting as well as the equipment you are using to do so. Your routine check should include checking the brakes, steering, controls, warning devices, mast and tires.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Can a Forklift Tip-Over Without a Load? A forklift can become unstable, even if it does not have a load. For example, if a driver turns too fast around a sharp curve, their lift can tip. Or, if a driver is traveling on an unbalanced surface, their lift can tip if it shifts too far in one direction.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
What are the 7 classes of forklifts?
The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
- Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
- Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
- Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
- Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
- Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.
When picking up a load the correct fork spacing should be?
-The forklift operator should stop 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cms) from the load. – It should be ensured that the forklift is placed squarely facing the load and the forks are positioned at the correct height.
At what distance is a forklift considered to be unattended?
Note: A powered industrial truck is unattended when the operator is 25 feet or more away from the vehicle which remains in his view, or whenever the operator leaves the vehicle and it is not in his/her view.