Lower the load so that its lowest point is 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) from the floor. While traveling, keep the load at a safe travel height. See Traveling & Maneuvering.
How do you carry a load on a forklift?
Carrying the load
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
Where should load be located on forklifts?
As a general rule, load center is 24″ from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs. You can find the rated capacity of a forklift on its data plate.
Where should the load be carried for maximum safety on a forklift?
When working with a maximum capacity load, tilt the mast backward and position the load, so the heaviest part is against the carriage. Move a forklift with the mast tilted back. When you are ready to stack a load, tilt the mast forward slowly, and do not travel with the mast tilted forward.
When you pick up a load on a forklift?
Explanation: OSHA states that a load should be approached slowly and carefully. -The forklift operator should stop 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cms) from the load. – It should be ensured that the forklift is placed squarely facing the load and the forks are positioned at the correct height.
When traveling with a load the load should be lifted 5 inches?
Lower the load so that its lowest point is 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) from the floor. While traveling, keep the load at a safe travel height.
Why do forklifts have 3 pedals?
To begin with, every forklift comes equipped with an accelerator and a brake pedal. That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. … It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
How should you carry an unbalanced load when one end is heavier?
If you must carry an unbalanced load, ensure that the heavy end is against the heel of the fork arms. Check the condition of load supports (e.g. pallet, container). The sudden collapse of block stacking has often been caused by these items being damaged or deteriorated.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Can a Forklift Tip-Over Without a Load? A forklift can become unstable, even if it does not have a load. For example, if a driver turns too fast around a sharp curve, their lift can tip. Or, if a driver is traveling on an unbalanced surface, their lift can tip if it shifts too far in one direction.
How is forklift load chart calculated?
A couple of simple calculations are all that’s necessary:
- Divide the load center as stated on the data plate by the actual load center (in the example above, that would be 24/36=. 6666).
- Multiply this result by the rated load capacity (4000X. 6666=2666.6).
How is SWL of forklift calculated?
It is easily calculated by measuring the load to be carried, and dividing by two (providing the load is evenly distributed, and positioned to butt up to the forklift backrest). You will often see a forklift truck’s nominal capacity quoted in a form such as 2,000kg @ 500mm load center.
How is forklift load capacity calculated?
The maximum Load Moment for a truck is derived by multiplying the weight rating of the forklift by the center load distance. If we multiply the 5,000-pound capacity of our theoretical forklift by its 24-inch center load, we arrive at a maximum Load Moment of 120,000 inch-pounds.
What is the correct position when picking up a load?
Bend your hips and knees to squat down to your load, keep it close to your body, and straighten your legs to lift. Never lift a heavy object above shoulder level. Avoid turning or twisting your body while lifting or holding a heavy object.
How do you know if it is safe to pick up a load with a forklift?
If you are to lift an unbalanced load, ensure that the heaviest materials are against the heel of the forks. Observe the floor surface; look at the bump and uneven parts on the floor area. The height of the loaded forks should clear those bumps so that you can pass through without sacrificing the stability of the load.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. Make sure that the forks touch the ground when you are leaving. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. All operational controls of the truck must be in the neutral position before the driver alight the forklift compartment.