OSHA regulations only require that such equipment be inspected during initial use and annually thereafter by a “competent person”, or by a government or private agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor. The owner must, also, maintain a record of these inspections.
Who inspects cranes?
Once the crane is placed into service, two types of inspections should be carried out, including frequent and periodic inspections. Only a qualified OSHA inspector can perform crane inspections.
When should cranes be inspected?
OSHA requires that all active cranes must be inspected once a year at the minimum. However, depending on the cranes usage, additional inspections will be required. Crane inspections fall under two general categories based on the intervals between inspections.
What does the competent person look at when inspecting the crane?
According to OSHA “competent person” is defined as “one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.”
How often should an overhead crane be inspected?
An initial inspection of the crane (new or altered) prior to initial use is required. Once placed into service, overhead cranes require two different types of inspections. Frequent inspections are done daily to monthly, while periodic inspections are completed at monthly to annual intervals.
How often does a crane need to be serviced?
2) Full Inspections Every 12 weeks. Some crane manufacturer’s might specific more frequent inspections than this depending on the slights and the amount of use, but as a general rule a full inspection should be every 12 weeks.
How often should a crane be serviced?
For inspections, if this is not practicable, they must be completed at least annually. Cranes should be routinely inspected and tested even if they are not operated regularly. This is because the crane may have deteriorated through corrosion or be damaged.
What type of person can perform an annual crane inspection?
29 CFR 1926.550(a)(6) requires an annual inspection to be completed before a crane may be operated in the United States; it states: (6) A thorough, annual inspection of the hoisting machinery shall be made by a competent person, or by a government or private agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor.
How do you inspect cranes?
Verify correct load capacity chart is mounted on crane. Verify that the counterweights are mounted correctly and that all warning decals/labels are legible. Confirm size, type, condition, and construction of hoist wire rope that is installed on crane. Inspect for loose nuts, bolts or rivets.
Who should inspect a crane quizlet?
They are conducted at the beginning of each shift. 4. A qualified or competent person performs the inspection.
What is a major cause of crane accidents?
Crane accident fatalities occur from a variety of causes. The most common cause of fatalities is workers or bystanders who are struck by an object that falls from the cranes. Other causes include being run over by a crane, falling from a crane, and electrocution.
Who makes the best crane?
Top ten crane manufacturers 2019
- Tadano. …
- Zoomlion. …
- Manitowoc Cranes. …
- ZPMC. …
- Xuzhou heavy machinery (XCMG) …
- Cargotec. …
- Konecranes, including MHPS from Terex. …
What are the hazards in crane lifting?
Lifting & Crane Hazards:
- Falling of load.
- Hitting & crushing of a load to existing facilities.
- Toppling of Crane.
- High wind speed, Poor communication and poor visibility.
- Damage to underground utilities of earth.
How do you inspect an overhead crane?
Inspection Items for Overhead Cranes in Regular Service
- Check that the crane or hoist is not tagged with an out-of-service sign.
- Check that all motions agree with control device markings.
- Check that all braking motions do not have excessive drift and that stopping distance is normal.
Are hard hats required for overhead crane use?
Answer: No. In normal construction operations, OSHA does not consider the boom, load line, and load block of a crane to be “objects” which could become falling objects and thus require overhead protection in addition to hard hats.
How long is overhead crane certification good for?
A candidate must pass both the Written and Practical examinations to be certified for a five-year period.