A forklift has an acceleration pedal, break, steering wheel, forward gear and reverse gear. However, forklifts use rear-wheel steering, meaning that the steering wheel controls the wheels in the rear. This works better for forklifts since operators have greater precision and rotation control when carrying a load.
How does a forklift work?
Lifting Mechanism: Hydraulic Cylinders
The lift handle is attached to an electrical air pump at the base of the forklift. Once the handle is pressed, it triggers the air pump that draws the outside air through a filter and forces it into a tube reaching to the hydraulic cylinders.
What are the levers on a forklift?
A forklift typically has two levers: one to control the height of the forks and another to control their tilts. To understand how to properly use forklift controls levers, it is paramount for a lift operator to complete an OSHA training program.
What does a forklift lift?
Most industrial forklifts can lift 5,000 lbs of weight, but some heavy-duty models are capable of elevating up to 25,000 lbs. There are a few subtypes of the warehouse forklift, including the side loader and counterbalance forklift.
How do you drive a forklift step by step?
Pull the leftmost lever toward you to raise the forks off the floor 4 to 6 inches. Pull the middle lever toward you to tilt the mast toward the forklift. Release the parking brake and move the directional lever toward the direction you need to travel. Release the brake to start moving.
Why are forklifts so heavy?
Why Forklifts Weigh So Much
The main reason a forklift is so heavy is that they include the counterweight. This is necessary to keep the forklift from tipping over when it’s in use.
Can forklift be used for lifting?
The OSHA rule for forklifts at construction sites at 29 CFR 1926.602(c)says trucks with lifting carriages or forks for lifting personnel must use a safety platform firmly secured to the lifting carriage or forks. … Rough terrain forklifts shall not be used to lift personnel unless there is no other practical option.
Why do forklifts have 3 pedals?
To begin with, every forklift comes equipped with an accelerator and a brake pedal. That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. … It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.
What do the 4 levers on a forklift do?
One that lifts the forks up or down, the second one tilts the forks/blades down or up to secure the load, and the third to move the load side to side. Some types of forklifts have a knob that controls the width of the fork.
What is the most common cause of a forklift accident?
The main reason for Forklift accidents is the lack of proper Forklift Training and lack of Forklift Certification given by the Company. There are still many companies allowing Forklift Operators drive the equipment without a Forklift License or a proper Forklift Training.
Is forklift driving hard?
Driving a forklift isn’t all cake, roses, and gas pedals. It’s going to be hard work. … Operating a forklift is considered a “hazardous occupation,” according to the Fair Labor Standards Act. As with any big machine, accidents happen.
What are the 7 classes of forklifts?
The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
- Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
- Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
- Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
- Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
- Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.
Which forklift brand is best?
Top Forklift Manufacturers by Rating
- Linde Material Handling (part of the KION Group)
- Caterpillar (Had a partnership with Mitsubishi to form Mitsubishi Caterpillar Forklift America)
- Hyster-Yale Materials Handling Inc. …
- Bobcat Company (Rated highly, but their products are meant for outdoors work)
Can you fail a forklift test?
If You Fail One or Both of the Forklift Certification Tests, You Can Retake It. Yes, definitely! You can retry taking or repeat the test you failed. The training school or instructor may ask you to pay again, this is because the time and paper materials they have to spend for your retake.
How do you use a forklift for the first time?
Tips on How to Drive a Forklift for the First Time
- Dress for the Job. The first tip to successful forklift operation is implemented even before you get to the warehouse. …
- Move Obstacles Out of the Way Beforehand. …
- Always Do a Pre-Operation Check. …
- Slow and Steady Saves the Product. …
- Be Vigilant.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days. Be sure to keep a copy of the items inspected on file in case OSHA requests that information.