The forklift’s mast, or upright, is the portion of the forklift that lifts, lowers, and positions the loads manipulated by the forks. Each type of mast presents its own set of advantages for different applications depending on their height and stacking requirements.
How does forklift mast work?
As you may already know, a forklift uses hydraulic pressure to raise the mast up by raising the lift cylinders. This, in turn, raises the inner mast channels, but without the lift chains, your forks and carriage aren’t going anywhere. And if your forks aren’t being lifted, you aren’t going to be getting much work done.
What is the mast on a reach truck?
The mast is the system in a forklift that performs load lifting. The mast consists of a fork and an elevation mechanism, associated with the lift truck’s hydraulic assembly. Two systems of classification have arisen to describe a forklift truck’s mast in detail.
What is a 3 stage mast forklift?
3-Stage – A three stage mast, or triplex, is the most versatile forklift mast and also the most popular. The outer rails allow for free lift, and the two inner sections can lift loads higher than a two stage. This mast type is a good choice for general warehouse applications.
How tall is a forklift mast?
A typical two stage mast for a forklift with a capacity from 2,000 lbs. to 6,000 lbs. will have approximately 130″ of maximum lift and will be around 83-88″ Overall Height Lowered (OAHL). Two stage masts are very common in high capacity forklifts of 15,000 lbs. and up.
What is a free lift mast?
A forklift’s free lift is the maximum height you can raise the forks without changing the mast height. There are two instances where this typically happens: when the inner mast rails extends past the outer mast rails or when the load backrest or carriage exceeds the height of the outer mast rails.
What class lift trucks should not turn on an incline?
PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.
What is the difference between a reach truck and a forklift?
A reach truck is a smaller vehicle than the forklift, allowing it to remain much more nimble. … Reach trucks can usually handle a smaller capacity than a traditional counterbalance forklift. Besides working in narrow spaces, the other advantage of a reach truck is its maximum height.
What does FSV mast mean?
Free Lift. Free Lift is a forklift’s ability to raise a load to the top of the first stage. … Free lift effectively adds a stage level of height to a forklift’s ability to lift and uses a hydraulic cylinder at the center of the mast.
Are forklift masts interchangeable?
Flash forward to today, and no one really exchanges masts between forklifts any longer. It can be done but it rarely is done. Dealers have large inventories, models of forklifts have some design differences that eliminate even the option of swapping forklift masts, and labor costs are high to swap the masts.
How high does a 3 stage forklift go?
Most Container masted forklifts are also 3 stage masts. They achieve lift heights of up to 4.7 meters in a standard forklift and up to 5.0 meters in a compact and some electric counterbalance units.
What are the two basic types of lift trucks?
We’ll cover below what each forklift is, what it’s best used for, and popular manufacturers and models.
- Warehouse Forklift. The warehouse forklift is the most recognizable type of lift truck. …
- Side Loader. …
- Counterbalance Forklift. …
- Telehandler. …
- Industrial Forklift. …
- Rough Terrain Forklift. …
- Pallet Jack. …
- Walkie Stacker.
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
How heavy is a forklift?
The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs.
How much are forks for a forklift?
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What is a fulcrum on a forklift?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The fulcrum is the central pivot point of a seesaw. The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance.