Frequent question: What are three notable archaeological excavations?

What are the three major values of Archaeology?

Darvill identifies three types of value in archaeology: use-value (present requirements), option value (future possibilities) and existence value (‘because it is there’).

What are the three categories of Archaeology?

There are several different kinds of archaeology: prehistoric, historic, classical, and underwater, to name a few. These often overlap. For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology.

What are some famous archaeologists?

List of archaeologists

  • W.F. Albright.
  • Robert Ballard.
  • Lewis R. Binford.
  • Hiram Bingham.
  • Carl Blegen.
  • Linda Schreiber Braidwood.
  • Robert John Braidwood.
  • James Henry Breasted.

What are some artifacts archaeologists have excavated?

  • Amazing archaeology. About 8,000 Terracotta Warriors were buried in three pits less than a mile to the northeast of the mausoleum of the First Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huangdi. …
  • Rosetta Stone. …
  • The Library of Ashurbanipal. …
  • Troy. …
  • King Tut’s Tomb. …
  • Machu Picchu. …
  • Pompeii. …
  • Dead Sea Scrolls.
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What are the two main goals of excavation?

Excavations can be classified, from the point of view of their purpose, as planned, rescue, or accidental. Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.

What is the main aim of any archaeological dig?

The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies.

What are the two types of archeology?

There are two major disciplines of archaeology: prehistoric archaeology and historic archaeology. Within these groups are subdisciplines, based on the time period studied, the civilization studied, or the types of artifacts and features studied.

What kind of jobs are there in archeology?

The roles you would be perfect for include heritage manager, museum education or exhibitions officer, museum curator, historic buildings inspector or conservation officer, archivist, cartographer, social researcher or tourism officer.

What are 5 types of archaeologists?

What Are…the Different Types of Archaeology?

  • Bioarchaeology. Bioarchaeology is the study of the biological aspects of archaeology. …
  • Primatology. …
  • Paleoarchaeology. …
  • Paleopathology. …
  • Osteoarchaeology, Paleo-osteology. …
  • Forensic Archaeology. …
  • Zooarchaeology. …
  • Archaeobotany, Paleoethnobotany, Paleobotany.

Who is the greatest archeologist of all time?

10 of History’s Greatest Archaeologists

  • Mortimer Wheeler. …
  • Kathleen Kenyon. …
  • Dorothy Garrod. …
  • Arthur Evans. …
  • Robert John Braidwood. …
  • Howard Carter. …
  • John Lubbock. …
  • Louis And Mary Leakey. Louis and Mary Leakey have often been called the first family of paleolithic-era anthropology, and for good reason.
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17.12.2020

Who is the richest archaeologist?

Howard Carter, (born May 9, 1874, Swaffham, Norfolk, England—died March 2, 1939, London), British archaeologist, who made one of the richest and most-celebrated contributions to Egyptology: the discovery (1922) of the largely intact tomb of King Tutankhamen.

What is the greatest archaeological discovery of all time?

Top ten archaeological discoveries

  • Pompeii. After a devastating volcanic eruption of Mt. …
  • Tutankhamun’s tomb. The great Tutankhamun owes his fame to Howard Carter and George Herbert’s discovery of his tomb in 1922. …
  • Rosetta Stone. …
  • Terracotta Army. …
  • Richard III’s grave. …
  • Olduvai Gorge. …
  • Cave of Altamira. …
  • Dead Sea Scrolls.

What are 3 examples of artifacts?

Answer: Artifact (archaeology) Examples include stone tools, pottery vessels, metal objects such as weapons, and items of personal adornment such as buttons, jewelry and clothing. Bones that show signs of human modification are also examples.

What is the most important artifact ever found?

Top 10 Most Important Historical Finds

  • Qin Shi Huang’s Terracotta Army. A farmer in Xi’an named Yang was drilling for water when he found the Terracotta Army in 1947. …
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls. …
  • The Royal Library of Ashurbanipal. …
  • Tutankhamun’s Tomb (KV62) …
  • Pompeii. …
  • Peking Man. …
  • The Rosetta Stone. …
  • The Behistun Rock.

26.01.2011

What is the oldest artifact on Earth?

Lomekwi Stone Tools

The stone tools unearthed at Lomekwi 3, an archaeological site in Kenya, are the oldest artifacts in the world. These stone tools are about 3.3 million years old, long before Homo sapiens (humans) showed up.

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