What does archaeological excavation mean?

What is meant by archaeological excavation?

Excavation, in archaeology, the exposure, recording, and recovery of buried material remains.

What are the types of archaeological excavation?

Techniques used to find a site may include remote sensing (for example, by aerial photography), soil surveys, and walk-through or surface surveys. The digging of shovel tests, augured core samples and, less commonly, trenches may also be used to locate archaeological sites.

How do you excavate Archaeology?

Excavating a Unit

Archaeologists use a statistical sampling method to select which squares or units they will excavate. To begin, they will collect surface artifacts, then remove any ground vegetation. Archaeologists screen all soil removed from a unit to recover small artifacts and ecofacts.

What is another name for archaeological excavation?

What is another word for archaeological site?

excavation hole
ditch mine
shaft trough
burrow dig
quarry crater

What are the three methods of excavation?

Types of excavation

  • 3.1 Cut and fill excavation.
  • 3.2 Trench excavation.
  • 3.3 Basement excavation.
  • 3.4 Road excavation.
  • 3.5 Bridge excavation.
  • 3.6 Dredging.
  • 3.7 Over excavation.
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5.10.2020

What are the types of excavation?

Types of Excavation

  • Earth excavation is removal of the layer of soil immediately under the topsoil and on top of rock. …
  • Muck excavation is removal of material that contains an excessive amount of water and undesirable soil. …
  • Unclassified excavation is removal of any combination of topsoil, earth, rock, and muck.

What are the steps of excavation?

The excavation process includes:

  1. setting corner benchmarks.
  2. surveying ground and top levels.
  3. excavation to the approved depth.
  4. dressing the loose soil.
  5. marking up the cut off level.
  6. the construction of dewatering wells and interconnecting trenches.
  7. marking the boundaries of the building.
  8. the construction of protection drains.

What happens on an archaeological dig?

In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains. An excavation site or “dig” is the area being studied. … During excavation, archaeologists often use stratigraphic excavation to remove phases of the site one layer at a time.

How excavations are done?

Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools and machinery to get the job done right. The processes used will depend upon the structure that will result from the construction process.

Do archaeologists travel?

Do Archaeologists Travel? … Archaeologists whose research areas are not near where they live may travel to conduct surveys, excavations, and laboratory analyses. Many archaeologists, however, do not travel that much. This is true for some jobs in federal and state government, museums, parks and historic sites.

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What are the basic steps in processing archaeological materials recovered from an excavation?

Archaeological Process

  • Selecting the Site.
  • Conducting Research.
  • Excavating the Site.
  • Cleaning and Cataloguing Artifacts.

Can archaeologists keep what they find?

Archaeologists do not keep the objects they excavate, since the remains generally belong to the country in which they are found. Archaeologists are only interested in studying the objects and do not keep or sell them.

How do you prepare for an archaeological dig?

Check into necessary vaccinations and have thorough physical and dental examinations. Identify your need for health and travel insurance. Some expeditions provide the former; you should know, however, what facilities will be available in the event that you require medical treatment.

Who is in charge of an archaeological dig?

Excavation Director(s)

With excavation season usually being the more demanding of their time, the Director/s oversee the running of the site on a daily basis, and their responsibilities can be divided into 4 areas: Life outside the Dig: they organise and oversee site logistics, both on the dig site and on the campsite.

How long do archaeological digs last?

Digging is slow, and most sites are big – so a dig can take many seasons. A single season can be anywhere from one week to a couple of months; it’s rare for an excavation season to last longer than that.

Special equipment and operation