When should a competent person do inspections on excavations?

OSHA standards require that trenching and excavation sites are inspected daily and as conditions change by a competent person before worker entry in order to ensure elimination of excavation hazards.

When must an excavation be inspected by a competent person?

Inspection. A competent person who fully understands the dangers and necessary precautions should inspect the excavation at the start of each shift. Excavations should also be inspected after any event that may have affected their strength or stability, or after a fall of rock or earth.

How often should an excavation be inspected?

1 Although an excavation must be inspected at the start of every shift, only one report is needed in any seven-day period. However, if something happens to affect its strength or stability, and/or an additional inspection is carried out, a report must then be completed.

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How often should a competent person inspect?

Fall protection and fall rescue equipment shall be inspected on a regular basis not to exceed one year (or more frequently if required by the manufacturer’s instructions) by a competent person or a competent rescuer, as appropriate, to verify that the equipment is safe for use.”

How often do trenches need to be inspected before anyone should go in it?

Any trench should be inspected once a day before anyone accesses it. If in California and the trench is deeper than five feet, then you must inspect it before each shift. Daily inspections may be more frequent when site conditions change, such as heavy rain or during seasons when freezing and thawing occur.

What is the safest way of entering and exiting a deep excavation?

Prevent people and materials falling in – with barriers strong enough not to collapse if someone falls against them. Keep plant and materials away from the edge. Avoid underground services – use relevant service drawings, service locating devices and safe digging practice. Provide ladder access to get in and out.

How deep can you Excavation without shoring?

Trenches 5 feet (1.5 meters) deep or greater require a protective system unless the excavation is made entirely in stable rock. If less than 5 feet deep, a competent person may determine that a protective system is not required.

What are the three methods of excavation?

Types of excavation

  • 3.1 Cut and fill excavation.
  • 3.2 Trench excavation.
  • 3.3 Basement excavation.
  • 3.4 Road excavation.
  • 3.5 Bridge excavation.
  • 3.6 Dredging.
  • 3.7 Over excavation.


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What you should do before you begin an excavation?

What you should do before you begin an excavation?

  • Identify the soil type(s) related to the excavation or trench you are going to dig. …
  • Look for the legislative requirements that apply in your jurisdiction and the type of protective measures to be taken.
  • Locate all buried services.


What needs to be done before you start to excavate?

The first and primary step involved in the excavation is to find out the extent of soil and Clearing of construction site is of unwanted bushes, weeds and plants. Setting out or ground tracing is the process of laying down the excavation lines and centre lines etc. on the ground before the excavation is started.

Can a competent person be prosecuted?

Yes. Failure to appoint a Competent Person can lead to a prosecution for breaching the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations and a breach can lead to intervention by your regulatory authority, fines or (in cases with the most severe consequences) even imprisonment.

What qualifications do you need to inspect scaffolding?

HSE guidance stipulates that scaffolding inspections should be carried out “by a competent person whose combination of knowledge, training and experience is appropriate for the type and complexity of the scaffold.” The default competence is widely held to be a Construction Industry Scaffolders Record Scheme …

How long does competent person certification last?

This certification is valid for five (5) years from issuance. Recertification of this certification can be accomplished by successfully passing a fifty (50) question, non-proctored, multiple choice “open book” examination within thirty days of the expiration date of certification.

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At what depth do the most accidents occur in trenches?

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Some common excavation works associated with trench-related accidents involve sewer, water, communication, and power line constructions. OSHA data reveal that most trench-related accidents occur below 10 feet.

What are 3 main protection methods against cave-ins?

To prevent cave-ins: SLOPE or bench trench walls. SHORE trench walls with supports, or. SHIELD trench walls with trench boxes.

What is an example of a trench protective system?

Types of protective systems include sloping, shoring and shielding. OSHA also requires that a safe means of access or egress – such as ladders, steps and ramps – be located within 25 feet of all workers for excavations 4 feet or deeper. Preplanning is paramount in excavation work.

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