Why should the area around excavations be cordoned off?

Fence off all excavations in public places to prevent pedestrians and vehicles falling into them.

What are the safety precautions in excavation work?

03. Safety Precaution while Excavation Work:

  • Prepare firm and broad approach road. …
  • The nail should not be lying around, after the completion of layout work.
  • Barricade the site to restrict the entry of animal and the unauthorised person on site.
  • Ensure that workers are wearing personal protective equipment.


When an excavation will need to be inspected?

Inspection. A competent person who fully understands the dangers and necessary precautions should inspect the excavation at the start of each shift. Excavations should also be inspected after any event that may have affected their strength or stability, or after a fall of rock or earth.

When should Trench Shoring be used?

6.2 Shoring. Shoring is a positive ground support system that can be used when the location or depth of an excavation makes battering and/or benching impracticable. It should always be designed for the specific workplace conditions by a competent person (for example an engineer).

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What is the safest way of entering and exiting a deep excavation?

Prevent people and materials falling in – with barriers strong enough not to collapse if someone falls against them. Keep plant and materials away from the edge. Avoid underground services – use relevant service drawings, service locating devices and safe digging practice. Provide ladder access to get in and out.

What are the three methods of excavation?

Types of excavation

  • 3.1 Cut and fill excavation.
  • 3.2 Trench excavation.
  • 3.3 Basement excavation.
  • 3.4 Road excavation.
  • 3.5 Bridge excavation.
  • 3.6 Dredging.
  • 3.7 Over excavation.


How do you protect deep excavation?

Those methods are sloping, benching, and shoring or shielding. Sloping: Sloping is a viable option as a protective system. Sloping is often the most cost-effective way to protect employees from potential trenching and excavation hazards.

Which one of the following is most likely to cause an excavation to collapse?

Excavated spoil, plant or materials should not be stored close to the sides of excavations as loose material can fall in. The extra loading can make the sides of the excavation more likely to collapse. Prevent people from falling into excavations by substantial barriers around the edges.

What you should do before you begin an excavation?

What you should do before you begin an excavation?

  • Identify the soil type(s) related to the excavation or trench you are going to dig. …
  • Look for the legislative requirements that apply in your jurisdiction and the type of protective measures to be taken.
  • Locate all buried services.
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How often should an excavation be checked?

At 29 CFR 1926.651(k)(1), OSHA’s construction safety regulations mandate daily inspections of excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems by a competent person who must look “for evidence of a situation that could result in possible cave-ins, indications of failure of protective systems, hazardous …

How deep should a trench be before shoring?

Trenches 5 feet (1.5 meters) deep or greater require a protective system unless the excavation is made entirely in stable rock. If less than 5 feet deep, a competent person may determine that a protective system is not required.

At what depth is a trench considered a confined space?

In the United States, any pit or trench with a depth equal to or greater than 4 feet is classified as a permit-required confined space. A permit-required confined space has to have one or more specific characteristics, the first being that it contains hazardous gases or has the potential to be a hazardous space.

At what depth do you need a trench box?

When trenches reach a depth of 5 feet or more, OSHA requires contractors to use a protective system. Protective systems are also required for trenches less than 5 feet deep if the soil might have the propensity to cave in when the trench is dug (such as with sand or mud).

What are some dangers of excavations?

Top 5 excavation safety hazards

  • Cave-ins. Trench collapses kill an average of two workers every month, making this a serious threat to worker safety. …
  • Falls and falling loads. Workers and work equipment can fall into an excavated area. …
  • Hazardous atmospheres. …
  • Mobile equipment. …
  • Hitting utility lines.
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How far away from the excavation should the spoils be placed?

The recommended minimum distance for location of excavated soil (spoil) from the edge of the excavation is equal to or greater than the excavation depth. However, the minimum permissible distance of spoil from the edge of the excavation is 0.6 metres for every one metre of excavation depth.

How far can you trench in a day?

It was a walkbehind and I cut in two trenches, both around 100 feet in around 1 hour. I woud say that you could run 600 feet in one day with no problem.

Special equipment and operation